Accounting: a comprehensive manual on all aspects of accounting


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In a world where technological and economic development is accelerating, accounting remains an essential pillar for the success of any organization, whether small or large. It is not just the process of recording numbers and preparing financial reports. Rather, it is the language of business that contributes to understanding the health and performance of an organization and making informed strategic decisions. It goes beyond the old-fashioned accountant’s role as just a key to maintaining legal compliance; it turns into a modern tool and a strategic vision that analyzes data and financial information. To provide valuable insights to management and contribute to achieving growth and sustainability. In this article, we will explore financial accounting and its vital role in the contemporary business world and take a look at its development and importance to organizations and societies alike. So let’s begin our journey into the world of interesting and inspiring branches of accounting.

What is accounting?

If you are wondering, What is accounting? It can be defined as a science and art that deals with recording and tabulating inputs, economic events, and financial operations, analyzing and interpreting them, and providing relevant financial information to the people and institutions concerned. This financial information is mainly used by managers, investors, tax authorities, and other decision-makers. To evaluate financial performance and make informed decisions.

The concept of accounting in English

The meaning of the word account goes back to the Latin word “account,” which means recording and monitoring financial information in a logical and systematic manner. The accounting system aims to provide accurate and reliable information about the financial activities of institutions, companies, and governments.

What is the accounting major?

The accounting major can be defined in English as an accounting major, which is a vital major in the field of business concerned with recording and analyzing the financial activities of institutions and companies, as accounting is the language of business. Because it provides the framework through which financial events can be understood and interpreted and sound financial decisions can be made.

The financial accounting major is concerned with multiple processes that include recording, tabulating, and summarizing financial data. This data is recorded over specific time periods, usually quarterly, and is presented in the form of financial statements that provide important information about the financial position of the organization.

Accounting major abbreviation

The accounting major can be abbreviated in English as ACC.

Accounting terms in English

If you would like to know accounting terms in English, follow the following:

  • Actual Basis of Accounting.
  • Income Statement.
  • Cash Discount. 
  • Cash Flows.
  • Classified financial statements.
  • Accounting Cycle.
  • Public Accountant.
  • Financial Accountant.
  • Accounting Technician General.
  • Accounting Entries.
  • Financial Statements.

There are other accounting terms in English that you can know and review.

What are the accounting major subjects?

There are many accounting specializations, the most important of which are the following:

  • Management accounting.
  • Tax accounting is the best major in accounting.
  • Cost accounting is another important accounting subject.
  • Intermediate accounting.
  • Accounting for non-profit institutions.
  • Financial accounting is one of the major subjects in finance.
  • Governmental accounting is one of the important accounting subjects.

Accounting major jobs

Accounting jobs vary in the market, the most important of which are the following:

Financial accounting officer.

  • Official accounts.
  • Auditing officer.

What are the jobs of accounting majors in hospitals?

The nature of accounting jobs in hospitals differs from accounting elsewhere. Therefore, the job applicant must be able to manage the financial system and budget in the Ministry of Health and prepare financial reports for the units and the ministry under its management.

Financial accounting, its objectives, and the tasks of the financial accountant

What is financial accounting?

Financial accounting can be considered a basic and vital process in the management of establishments and companies, as it aims to record, analyze, classify, and tabulate financial data and numbers related to the establishment. It is worth noting that this data is collected from various sources within the establishment, such as financial records, invoices, and other financial documents.

It also includes preparing financial statements, which are reports that show the financial position of the facility over a specific period of time, such as quarterly and annual financial statements. These financial statements include basic financial data, such as the income statement and budget, in addition to cash flow.

Objectives of financial accounting

Financial accounting aims to provide accurate and reliable financial information that helps in understanding and analyzing the facility’s financial performance and making sound economic and financial decisions. It also allows management, investors, shareholders, and other external parties to understand the facility’s financial position and evaluate its efficiency and ability to achieve financial goals and sustainability in the future.

It is worth noting that financial accounting is the basis for the rest of the branches of the accounts portal, such as management accounting and cost accounting, as financial accounting provides basic data and information that can be used in planning and control processes and decision-making within the framework of managing the facility’s accounting work, in addition to the following:

Providing financial information that suits users’ needs

One of the most important goals of financial accounting is to meet users’ needs for financial information. Users include executives, investors, bankers, suppliers, etc., and others, and each of them has specific needs for financial information. Therefore, financial accounting must provide information that is understandable and appropriate to the needs of these different groups.

Measure your income from the activity periodically.

Financial accounting aims to record and measure the income generated by business activity on a periodic basis. This is done by analyzing and recording the financial and economic processes that occur in the activity and their impact on income, whether they are revenues or expenses. This point provides important information to evaluate the activity’s performance and make future decisions.

Providing information that supports the activity’s capabilities in evaluating cash flows

Financial accounting is concerned with providing information about the activity’s cash flows, which is the actual movement of cash within the activity between revenues and expenses. This information provides a comprehensive vision for analyzing and evaluating cash flows and enables users to understand the activity’s ability to generate cash and manage it effectively.

Providing information about the sources of economic resources for the activity

Financial accounting seeks to provide information about the financial sources used in the activity, whether it is self-capital or loans received from external parties. It is worth noting that this information provides an understanding of the sources of financing and helps in evaluating the sustainability of financial activity and financial reliability.

Providing information on cash flows

Financial accounting aims to record and provide information about cash flows, which is the actual movement of cash within an activity. It records and presents this information to help users understand cash movements and the financial trends of the activity.

Determine the financial position for a specific period.

Financial accounting aims to provide a clear picture of the financial position of an activity over a specific period of time by providing appropriate financial reports. These reports include financial statements such as the income statement and the balance sheet, in addition to the statement of cash flows.

It is worth noting that this information helps users evaluate their current financial performance and make future decisions.

Determine the result of the activity, whether profit or loss.

Financial accounting is an approach to determining the result of a business activity at the end of a specified period of time, and the result can be either a profit or a loss.

This result is calculated by comparing activity revenues with expenses, gains, and other losses. It is worth noting that this information provides users with a clear picture of the activity’s profitability and its ability to achieve financial returns.

Duties of a financial accountant

The duties and responsibilities of a financial accountant include knowing all accounting entries, in addition to the following:

  • Economic stability analysis.
  • Reports preparation.
  • Performing accounting operations.
  • Preparing and submitting tax returns.
  • Writing accurate monthly financial reports.
  • Provide analysis and interpretation of financial data.
  • Conducting the organization’s internal audit process.
  • Budgeting, forecasting, and analysis.


We invite you to pay attention to the importance of accounting in the world of business and economics. It is not just recording numbers and preparing financial reports; rather, it is the basis for the sustainability and growth of companies and institutions. It also reflects financial health and business performance and provides valuable information for making strategic decisions. Accounting is also a means of ensuring integrity and transparency in the management of financial resources, preserving the rights of shareholders and investors, and contributing to It improves planning, monitoring, and evaluation processes, enhances confidence among stakeholders, and contributes to building a good reputation for institutions. Therefore, we must all realize that accounting is an essential pillar for business success and excellence in the market, and companies and institutions must pay great attention to developing their accounting capabilities and using technology effectively.


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