sole proprietorship companies

sole proprietorship companies

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The world of entrepreneurship is always full of challenges and opportunities, and among these opportunities comes the idea of a sole proprietorship company, a model that embodies willpower and the spirit of innovation. Imagine being the C.E.O., accountant, and primary employee of a company that carries your dreams and aspirations! That’s cool, isn’t it? So, in this article, we will review how this idea can transform from just a dream into a tangible reality and how a sole proprietorship company can be the first seed of a business empire. We will also discuss the benefits, challenges, and strategies that can make this model a golden opportunity for aspiring entrepreneurs. Are you ready to master your decisions and lead your career? Follow us to find out more.

What is a sole proprietorship company?

It is a modern company that reflects an important development in business and trade. This type of company allows any investor or individual to establish a business independently. This represents a violation of the traditional rules that require the presence of at least two partners to establish any company. This founder may be a real or legal person who can also manage the company himself.


A sole proprietorship business expands, with the founder’s accountability restricted to the company’s funds. This company combines the characteristics of financial companies that rely on capital and partnership companies that rely on the partners’ personal responsibility.

In this situation, anyone can start and run their own business without having to pay back the company’s debts with their own money, with the exception of the capital they have contributed.

Characteristics of a sole proprietorship company 

A sole proprietorship company is characterized as an independent entity with a separate legal personality and is considered a type of civil company. It is important to note that these companies possess several important characteristics that set them apart from other forms of companies.

Limited liability

Only one individual establishes a sole proprietorship company, with their responsibility limited to their share of the capital. Therefore, this means that the company owner does not bear personal responsibility for the company’s debts or financial obligations.


Capital requirements vary according to local laws. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the capital must not exceed 250 thousand Saudi riyals, and the minimum is 5 thousand. The capital in Egypt must not be less than 50 thousand Egyptian pounds, and the bank must receive the full amount.

company management

The company owner has the right to manage the company under the regulating laws, and the owner is not required to be a merchant. The owner also has all the power to make and implement decisions without the need for others’ approval.

Tax flexibility

These businesses enable the deduction of all costs, including rent, interest, salaries, and incentives, from the taxes they pay, thereby lowering their tax burden.

Company independence

A sole proprietorship company can carry out all business activities independently of its owner, including making deals, purchasing property, and filing lawsuits, thanks to its independent legal identity.

Financial independence

A sole proprietorship company has a financial liability independent of the owner’s financial liability. This means that the company is responsible for its debts and expenses with its own money and resources, and the owner’s personal property cannot be seized to pay the company’s debts.

Dissolution of the company

The company can be dissolved for various reasons, such as the death of the owner or voluntary or even compulsory liquidation.

Company naming

The company’s name must reflect its activity, and phrases such as L.L.C. (Limited Liability Company), M.M.C., or P.S.C. must be added.

Transformation and merger of the company

The type or nature of the company can be transferred to or merged with other companies.

General Assembly meetings

The company’s general assembly deals with the financial statements and approval of the internal control system. At the same time, the extraordinary meetings focus on decisions, such as amending the company’s contract, changing its form, or amending the capital.

Multiple management

Several directors can be appointed for the company, provided that their number does not exceed 11. It is worth noting that the company’s owner is the Chairman of the Board of Directors and is not subject to removal.

Primary law

The company’s articles of association include its name, duration, method of management, purpose, the nature of its activity, the address of its headquarters, and the value of its capital.

Inventory books and journals

These books are one of the most important financial records a sole proprietorship company keeps.

Advantages of a sole proprietorship company 

We must first know the advantages and disadvantages of a sole proprietorship company because it is one of the most important types of companies on which the economic system in many countries depends. It is worth noting that this type of company is characterized by several advantages that make it attractive to emerging entrepreneurs, especially in small and medium enterprises. The most prominent of these advantages are as follows:

Suitable for emerging entrepreneurs

Sole proprietorship companies provide an excellent opportunity for entrepreneurs to start their projects without the need for other partners. Therefore, this facilitates the launch of small and medium enterprises and increases investment opportunities.

Encouraging formal investment

This type of company encourages investors to invest part of their money in the formal economy, which stimulates small projects to grow and transition to the formal economy.

Ease of management and decision-making

The management of a sole proprietorship company is smoother, as all powers and authorities are concentrated in the hands of the company owner. This ensures the independence of management and the speed of decision-making, which enhances the effectiveness of oversight and management.

Preventing fake companies and reducing fraud

The presence of one known owner facilitates the control process and reduces the possibility of fake companies or fraudulent operations, which increases confidence in business transactions.

Limited financial losses

If the company goes bankrupt, the financial responsibility falls on the company itself and not on its owner due to the separation of its financial liability from the owner’s capital. Therefore, the owner loses only the amount invested in the company’s capital, which limits personal losses.

Ease of obtaining loans

Banks prefer to grant loans to sole proprietorship companies because of the clarity of the management structure and definition of responsibility, which makes it a safer investment.

Transferability of shares

With only one owner, transferring shares is easier, making it easier to sell or transfer the company.

Tax flexibility

A sole proprietorship company has great flexibility in dealing with taxes. It can choose the most appropriate method of paying taxes, which facilitates tax compliance.

Permanent ownership

Sole proprietorship companies are independent entities with separate legal identities, which means that ownership of the company can be passed to heirs in the event of the owner’s death without a change in the company structure.

Disadvantages of a sole proprietorship company 

Although a sole proprietorship company offers many advantages, it suffers from some disadvantages, which are as follows:

High taxes

Sole proprietorship companies are treated as private companies and are therefore obligated to pay 30% of their profits in taxes. Therefore, this tax burden may reduce the attractiveness of this type of company for individuals seeking to reduce their tax expenses.

Complications in registration

Registering a sole proprietorship company requires complex steps, including paying government and professional fees before completing the registration. Therefore, these procedures increase the establishment cost, making it an expensive option when starting out.

Individual manager

Returns are signed off only by the company director, which means that all important decisions depend on one individual, and thus, this can be a burden, limiting diversity in decision-making.

Personal guarantees

Dealing with sole proprietorship companies requires personal guarantees from the owner. In the event of the owner’s death, the company may be exposed to bankruptcy, which poses a great risk to the continuation of the business and its stability.

I.P.O. Restrictions

The company’s shares cannot be offered for public subscription upon incorporation or upon increasing capital. Therefore, this restriction prevents the company from easily attracting new investors and expanding its capital base.

Banking restrictions

A sole proprietorship company is prohibited from performing banking services, such as receiving deposits or savings, which limits its diversity of financial activities.

Limited funding

Sole proprietorship companies rely on limited funding sources, often from one person or only one source, which may limit their ability to expand and grow.

Financial and administrative oversight

Only one individual carries out financial and administrative supervision. This can lead to a lack of effectiveness and internal control and increase the possibility of errors or mismanagement.

Creditors’ rights

If the company goes bankrupt, creditors may find it difficult to recover their money or financial rights, making dealing with a sole proprietorship company risky for them.

The difference between a sole proprietorship company and an individual enterprise

is that sole proprietorship companies and individual enterprises are similar in that they represent business entities managed by one person. Still, some fundamental differences between them deserve clarification. The most prominent of these differences are as follows:

Limited liability vs. unlimited liability

Sole proprietorship company 

It is considered a limited liability company, meaning that the owner’s liability is limited to the capital invested in the company. Therefore, this means that the owner’s personal assets are protected in the event of bankruptcy or large debts.

Individual enterprise

Liability is unlimited, as the owner is personally responsible for all obligations and debts of the organization, and his assets can be used to pay off debts if the organization defaults.

Legal nature

Sole proprietorship company 

It is a fund company, which means it focuses on raising capital through financial contributions. Its legal structure separates the owner from the company.

Individual enterprise

It is a people company that focuses on the owner’s personality and roles in operating and managing the organization.

Establishment and legal entity

Sole proprietorship company 

It can be established by a natural or legal person and is granted an independent legal personality after incorporation, which enhances its legal status and ability to bear responsibility.

Individual enterprise

It must be established by a natural person only and is not granted an independent legal personality, which means that the foundation and the owner are one legal entity.

Financial Disclosure

Sole proprietorship company 

Its financial liability is independent of the owner’s personal liability, as the company’s funds are separated from the owner’s personal funds.

Individual enterprise

There is no separation between the institution’s financial liabilities and the owner’s, which means that all debts and financial dues are shared between the two.

Diversity of activities

Sole proprietorship company 

Their activities are often specific and clear, facilitating financial management and monitoring.

Individual enterprise

It is distinguished by its ability to diversify the activities and fields in which it works, which gives it greater flexibility in operation and expansion.


Minimum capital

Sole proprietorship company 

A minimum amount of capital is usually required upon incorporation, which ensures a strong financial base to support the company in its early stages.

Individual enterprise

It does not have a minimum capital requirement, which makes it easier to establish and has fewer financial costs.

How does Qoyod help you manage a sole proprietorship company?

The Qoyod system is a modern technical solution designed specifically for managing small and medium-sized companies, including sole proprietorships. This system is a set of integrated tools that help you organize and manage various aspects of your business efficiently and easily.

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In the dynamic and rapidly changing business world, a sole proprietorship company is a great example of innovation and flexibility, and it is worth noting that adopting the right tools, such as the Qoyod system, An accounting program can be the difference between success and failure. By facilitating the management of employees, accounting, inventory, and purchases, this system allows you to focus on growing your business and innovating new solutions. So seize the opportunity, try the Qoyod system today, and invest in your company’s future to achieve amazing achievements that exceed expectations because success starts from the organization, and every step towards the better starts from here.

It is worth noting that the program also provides all its clients with electronic invoice systems, point-of-sale systems, stores, customers, and so on.

After knowing what a sole proprietorship company is, try Qoyod now for free for 14 days. It is an accounting program that achieves what you desire at the lowest price.

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